Deliberating Environmental Policy Issues: Comparing the Learning Potential of Online and Face‐To‐Face Discussions on Climate Change

Année de publication



Policy & Internet 2 61 93 2


To what extent is political participation deepened and enriched by the Internet? Is the Internet more inclusive—especially towards the young—than traditional forms of participation requiring physical contact? Do people learn more by discussing on the Internet—and especially in online political forums—than by deliberating face‐to‐face? We aim to answer these questions by presenting the results of research based on the observation of a deliberative experience that allowed both online and face‐to‐face participation, namely the IDEAL‐EU project, carried out by the Tuscany (Italy), Catalonia (Spain), and Poitou‐Charentes (France) regions. IDEAL‐EU was aimed at involving young people—between ages 14 and 30—to discuss the issue of climate change in order to produce a report to be handed to the President of the European Parliament Commission on Climate Change. It first consisted in online discussion forums, and then in an electronic town meeting organized in the three regions' capitals in November 2008. This town meeting involved both keypad voting and face‐to‐face discussions in small groups. The comparison of these two stages of the experience allows evaluation of the respective effects of online and face‐to‐face political discussions on young participants' political knowledge. Using content analysis of websites, direct observation of the assembly, and interviews and questionnaires completed by both online and assembly participants, we evaluate the respective effects of these different forms of civic engagement for actors' perceived level of knowledge on climate change and on their political competence more generally.

Type de publication
  • journal
Type de document
  • article
Classification - Inist-CNRS
  • 1 - sciences humaines et sociales
Classification - Scopus
    Classification - Science Metrix
      Classification - Clarivate Analytics (Subject Category)
        Termes extraits

        online; website; internet; deliberative; talpin; wojcik; climate change; policy internet; deliberation; policy studies organization; organizer; participant; online deliberation; luskin; preference change; absolute numbers; environmental policy issues; november; individual preferences; online discussions; online discussion; public deliberation; environmental issues; town meeting; civic life; online forum; deliberative democracy; european commission; young people; cambridge university press; political knowledge; booklet; subjective evaluation; public authorities; electronic town meeting; civic engagement; opinion change; renewable energies; european parliament commission; discussion threads; direct observation; content analysis; discussion booklet; citizen juries; french website; political science; preference; collective discussion; century town meeting; general population; positive impact; factual questions; further research; political party; other topics; respective effects; discussion forums; public sphere; political participation; online discussion forums; discussion format; discussion forum; deliberative forums; technical features; online forums; discussion topics; political interest; other websites; systematic comparison; internet users; final report; deliberative polls; participatory budget; regional government; citizen panels; citizen deliberation; budget participatif; high schools; random selection; specific issue; consensus conferences; sociopolitical profile; random sampling; representative sample; greater interest; high school; public opinion; vast majority; environmental policy issues graph; virtual agora project; online messages; other participants; discussion guide; wind turbine; online interaction; prime value; direct contact; fossil fuel; information transfer; physical presence; temporary committee; julien talpin; heat pumps; individual opinions; political preferences; political renewal; british journal; small groups; political communication; epistemological considerations; tuscany; environmental; coleman

        Entité nommée
        Entité nommée - Emplacement géographique
        • Avignon
        • Catalonia
        • United States
        • New Orleans
        • Poitiers
        • Europe
        • America
        • Barcelona
        • York
        • France
        • European Union
        • Marseille
        • Limoges
        • Italy
        • Spain
        Entité nommée - Organisme
        • France Stéphanie Wojcik, CEDITEC, University of Paris-Est Créteil, France Abstract To
        • Deliberating Environmental Policy Issues The Electronic Town Meeting
        • University of Technology
        • European Parliament Commission on Climate Change
        • Deliberating Environmental Policy Issues Elster
        • Deliberating Environmental Policy Issues
        • Deliberating Environmental Policy Issues Graph
        • Policy Studies Organization
        • European Commission
        • Temporary Committee on Climate Change
        • ETM
        • Temporary Committee on Climate Change of the European Parliament
        • Deliberating Environmental Policy Issues Mathieu
        • Deliberating Environmental Policy Issues Appendix B Formulation
        • European Parliament
        • Deliberating Environmental Policy Issues Deliberation and Political Learning
        Entité nommée - Personne
        Studies; Claus Offe; Lori Weber; B. Profile; Daniel Gaxie; Stéphanie Wojcik; C. Actors; Peter Muhlberger; A. Comparison; Julien Talpin; Guido Sacconi
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