Contrasting responses of migration strategies in two European thrushes to climate change

Année de publication



Global Change Biology 13 275 287 1


Migration is a widespread strategy that enables animals to escape harsh winter conditions. It has been well documented that migration phenology in birds is changing in response to recent climate warming in the northern hemisphere. Despite the existence of large temporal and geographical scale ringing data on birds in Europe, changes in migration strategies in relation to climate warming have not been well studied, mainly because of a lack of appropriate statistical methods. In this paper, we develop a method that enables us to investigate temporal changes in migration strategies from recoveries of dead ringed birds. We estimated migration probability as the ratio between recovery probabilities of conspecific birds originating from different countries but potentially wintering in the same country. We applied this method to two European thrushes: the entirely migrant redwing Turdus iliacus, and the partially migrant blackbird T. merula. We tested for an immediate and a 1‐year lagged relationship between our migration probability and climatic covariates (i.e. mean winter temperature in France and the North Atlantic Oscillation). Using ringing‐recovery data collected in Finland, Germany, Switzerland and France from 1970 to 1999, we detected contrasting responses in these two species, likely related to their different migratory behaviours. Both species showed a decline in the probability for northern and eastern birds to winter in France. The entirely migratory redwing exhibited a year‐to‐year plastic response to climate, whereas the decline in the partially migrant blackbird was smooth, suggesting underlying genetic processes. The proposed method, thus, allows us to identify useful indicators of climatic impacts on migration strategies, as well as highlighting differences between closely related species.

Type de publication
  • journal
Type de document
  • review-article
Classification - Inist-CNRS
  • 1 - sciences appliquees, technologies et medecines
  • 2 - sciences biologiques et medicales
  • 3 - sciences biologiques fondamentales et appliquees. psychologie
  • 4 - ethologie animale
Classification - Scopus
  • 1 - Physical Sciences
  • 2 - Environmental Science
  • 3 - General Environmental Science
  • 3 - Ecology
  • 3 - Environmental Chemistry
  • 3 - Global and Planetary Change
Classification - Science Metrix
  • 1 - natural sciences
  • 2 - biology
  • 3 - ecology
Classification - Clarivate Analytics (Subject Category)
  • 1 - science
  • 2 - environmental sciences
  • 2 - ecology
  • 2 - biodiversity conservation
Termes extraits

blackbird; redwing; recovery rate; climatic; covariates; temporal trend; berthold; covariate; migration probability; recovery rates; survival rate; global change biology; brownie; modelling; blackwell publishing; authors journal compilation; climate change; ecology; climatic covariates; global warming; pulido; april; stenseth; previous year; aicc; phenology; migration; perrins; model selection; european thrushes; total variance; temporal variation; snow perrins; current year; total variation; atlantic oscillation; migration distance; biological sciences; winter temperature; royal society; migratory species; national academy; previous winter; migration rates; southern germany; variance; nichols; berthold pulido; migration strategies; migration behaviour; migratory; finland; global; temporal; thrush; plastic response; winter conditions; lowest aicc; recovery ratio; migration patterns; climate indices; bird populations; calendar year; demographic parameters; april year; recovery area; atlantic oscillation index; genetic control; berthold helbig; postbreeding migration; total number; climatic covariate; different countries; multistate models; population dynamics; animal ecology; oxford university press; wide variety; migrant; burnham

Entité nommée
Entité nommée - Emplacement géographique
  • Switzerland
  • Germany
  • Plasticity
  • Finland
  • Europe
  • France
  • European Union
  • Iceland
  • Russia
  • Lille
  • Spain
Entité nommée - Organisme
  • Max Plank Research Centre for Ornithology
  • France and Spain
  • Turkey and Northern Africa
  • France Ringed
  • Germany and Switzerland
  • Switzerland/Germany and France
  • Finland, Germany, Switzerland and France
  • Finland and France
  • France and the North Atlantic Oscillation
  • Switzerland and Germany
  • Blackwell Publishing Ltd
  • Finland Ringed
  • Switzerland–Germany Fig
Entité nommée - Personne
Winter Temperature; Paris Cedex; The; Wolfgang Fiedler; Michael Schaub; Elisabeth Wiprachtiger; Matthias Kestenholz
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